What is PCOS?

What is PCOS & What is Ovarian Cysts?

What is PCOS & What is Ovarian Cysts?

PCOS means Polycystic ovary syndrome. PCOS/PCOD & Ovarian Cysts are hormonal disorder familiar among females of procreative age however it can be seen before this age. Ladies with Polycystic ovary syndrome may have occasional or lengthy menstrual periods or redundant male hormone (androgen) levels. The ovaries may produce many small quantities of fluid (follicles) and fail to periodically release eggs.

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PCOS Full Form

PCOS stands for Polycystic ovary syndrome
PCOS Full form
PCOS Full form

What is PCOS?

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a metabolic, hormonal, ovulation, and insulin disorder that affects one in 10 women. In a normal menstrual cycle, follicles develop on the ovaries and eggs develop within those follicles. After a certain period of time, only one of those eggs reaches maturity sooner than the other eggs. When this egg reaches maturity it is released into the fallopian tube. Other follicles that have not matured then disintegrate back into the ovary. However, under certain conditions (genetic, hormonal imbalance and insulin resistance some, but not all of these conditions), the ovaries are larger than normal and have many follicles that do not reach maturity but appear in bunches. These are polycystic ovaries.

What is PCOS & What are Ovarian Cysts?

Women who have PCOS experience an array of symptoms, also known as a syndrome, in addition to the formation of polycystic ovaries. While a woman may have polycystic ovaries without suffering from PCOS, all women with PCOS will have polycystic ovaries. PCOS is a complex condition in which many underlying factors have been disrupted in the basic processes of the body. Since the human body is a unified whole, a disorder in one area will eventually lead to problems in other regions. This is why it is important to treat PCOS and ovarian cysts as a systemic disorder (in other words treat the disorder overall) rather than treat it as a completely related problem with your ovaries.

What is an ovarian cyst?

The ovaries in follicles have small fluid-filled sacs that normally develop in the egg as a natural part of the ovulation process. However, as already mentioned, under certain conditions, some follicles migrate to the surface of the ovary but fail to release an egg. The follicles then converted into cysts (a follicle larger than 2 cm) and grow larger with each and every menstrual cycle. While most ulcers are harmless (only 15 cases per 100,000 are of cancer) some ulcers can cause pain and bleeding. Ovarian cysts most commonly develop in women in their childbearing years but can affect women of all ages.

The real cause of PCOS and ovarian cysts

The most basic truth about most major chronic health conditions, including PCOS and ovarian cysts, is that there is no such thing as a single cause. Moreover, Like other health conditions, PCOS is a condition that begins with many primary and secondary factors and the relationship between them.

The real cause of PCOS and ovarian cysts

Factor Causes PCOS/PCOD

There are factors and co-factors that contribute to the development of PCOS and ovarian cysts and are the causative agents that enhance the already compromised PCOS status. There are also conditions of life, external factors and mental factors that directly or indirectly create an environment in which internal equilibrium is disrupted.

Noticeable themselves as common PCOS symptoms and ovarian cysts. Because every health problem is multidimensional, solutions must be multidimensional to eradicate the problem. This is one of the reasons why science and traditional medicine fail to cure most Western plagues.

Instead of treating the body as homogeneous, they deal with the condition or expression of infected parts. Some of us are more genetically susceptible to disease than others, but this is not to say that if we have a tendency to develop some kind of condition or some kind of weakness, we can do nothing. we can partially change our genetic structure and we can also solve other parts of the health status puzzle.

Primary factors for PCOS and ovarian cysts

  • Genetic tendency (Heredity).
  • Poor dietary Selections.
  • Weak and delicate immune system.
  • Obesity.
  • Collection of toxins in the digestive system (including environmental toxins)
  • Insulin resistance.

Above all these six factors create the perfect internal environment for PCOS that manifests as ovarian cysts, among various other symptoms.

Secondary factors for PCOS and ovarian cysts

  1. Hormonal imbalances (such as during menstruation).
  2. Taking antibiotics.
  3. More Prescribed medications.
  4. Steroids.
  5. Stress and lack of sleep can also contribute to the formation of PCOS and ovarian cysts.
  6. Lifestyle Factors That Contribute To PCOS And Dysfunctional Follicles.

What are the types of ovarian cysts?

While most ovarian cysts are non-cancerous, some ovarian cysts can develop in the development of cancer. Let us briefly mention the various types of non-cancerous ovarian cysts (note that each lady can develop one or several types of ulcers or cyst):

A follicular cyst (Graphene follicle)

A follicular cyst (Graphene follicle): This is the most common type of functional ovarian cyst. It can grow to about 2 cm to 2 inches in diameter, is filled with clear fluid and is the result of a failed ovulation process. The pain due to rupture in such a cyst is a sharp pain at the edge of the ovary where the cyst is located and usually occurs in the middle of the menstrual cycle. Often, these cysts dissolve on their own within a few weeks or months.

Hemorrhagic ulcers/cyst

Hemorrhagic ulcers/cyst: This cyst usually affects young women and occurs when blood enters the cyst via a tear in one of the cysts. It can grow up to 5 to 6 inches. While most hemorrhagic ulcers dissolve on their own, they can usually cause painful symptoms on the right side of the abdomen

Corpus luteum cysts

Corpus luteum cysts: This is another type of functional ovarian cyst that occurs in the corpus luteum state. While the corpus luteum usually dissolves on its own, if pregnancy does not occur, it can remain on the ovaries and fill with blood. Often, this cyst does not cause any symptoms.

Endometriomas cyst

Endometriomas cyst: This type of cyst affects and develops women during the years of reproduction when the mucous membrane that blows the inner lining of the uterine wall (also called endometrial tissue) and invades the ovaries. She does it. When the cyst bursts, the contents inside the cyst spread to the pelvis and on the surface of the uterus and into the spaces between it, causing severe chronic pain. Endometriomas cysts are also called “chocolate cysts” because blood is a reddish-brown colour.

Dermoid Cysts

Dermoid Cysts: A rare but usually benign cyst that usually affects women during their childbearing years. A dermoid cyst varies in size from half an inch to 17 inches in diameter. When dermoid ulcers develop, they can cause severe abdominal pain and endanger the blood supply. In this emergency, a surgery to remove the cyst is often necessary.

Cystadenomas Cyst

Cystadenomas: Cystadenomas are usually benign ulcers that develop from cells located on the surface of the ovary. Cystadenoma can grow to large dimensions and thus cause pain and even interfere with abdominal organs.

Multiple ulcers

What are the types of Ovarian cysts?

Multiple ulcers: Polycystic ovaries: Many enlarged ulcers can form among women who do not ovulate regularly. That is to say, among PCOS women, ovaries often have multiple small ulcers under one outer capsule. Subsequently, It is essential to note that having multiple ovarian cysts and not ovulating regularly is only an element or symptom of a complex condition called polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), triggered by a group of hormonal and metabolic disorders.

What’s The Difference between Ovarian Cysts and PCOS?

Ovarian cysts and PCOS are associated circumstances with lots of similar sign & symptoms, that means that ladies typically confuse the 2, or wrongly believe that they’ve PCOS when they don’t.

Probably the most important distinction between the 2 situations is that PCOS leads to in a considerable hormonal imbalance, which isn’t usually the case with ovarian cysts. It is usually potential for girls to have a number of ovarian cysts without affected by PCOS.

PCOS full form is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in simple words the ovaries have an abnormally large number of follicles on them.

Ovarian cysts are sacs filled with light or thick fluid which are present internally or externally on the ovaries. On the other hand, they are very generic, intrinsically, however, many women will develop it at any point in their life cycle

What’s The Difference between Ovarian Cysts and PCOS?

It is also possible for a lady to have multiple ovarian cysts without suffering from PCOS.


What are the indicators, Signs and Symptoms in PCOS & Ovarian Cyst?

Meanwhile, Each and every girl that suffers from PCOS/ PCOD or Ovarian cysts may have a partial mixture of the given symptoms in the table:

PCOS symptoms developed on Physique PCOS symptoms developed inside(Hormonal)
Pain in the lower abdomen.Several ovarian cysts. Polycystic ovaries (2 to 6 times bigger than wholesome ovaries).
Irregular or absent monthly Period.Insulin resistance and probably diabetes.
Spotting.Infertility or unproductiveness.
Mood Swing.Androgens (testosterone) hormone imbalance.
Pimples.Cortisol hormone imbalance.
Extreme physique or facial hair (Hilarity or Hirsutism).Estrogens hormone imbalance.
Weight problems or incapacity to reduce weight.FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) hormone imbalance.
Hypertension or increase of blood pressure.LH (luteinizing hormone) hormone imbalance
Scalp hair thinning. Many more and unknown.Insulin, Progesterone, Prolactin and Thyroid hormones imbalance.
Many several hormone imbalances.
What are the indicators, Signs and Symptoms in PCOS & Ovarian Cyst?

Ladies with ovarian cysts might also sense the given signs:

  • Pain or burning sensation at the location of ovary having a cyst (lower abdomen).
  • Period irregularities (together with painful menstrual intervals or/and irregular bleeding).
  • A pelvic ache that will radiate to your Lower back and thighs.
  • Pelvic ache shortly earlier than your menstrual cycle begins or simply earlier than it ends.
  • Pelvic ache throughout sexual activity.
  • Breast tenderness.
  • Fullness or heaviness, strain or ache in your stomach.
  • Feeling of vomiting.
  • The Strain on the rectum or bladder.
  • An issue in emptying the bladder fully.
  • Weight gain.

Symptoms that require immediate medical treatment:

  • Sudden, sharp and extreme stomach or pelvic ache.
  • Ache accompanied by fever or nausea.
  • Respiratory problem or fast breathing.
  • Fainting, dizziness or weakness.

How PCOS/ PCOD & Ovarian Cysts Are Recognized by Medical Equipment?

How PCOS/ PCOD & Ovarian Cysts Are Recognized by Medical Equipment?

Pelvic Examination

Pelvic examination: It is accomplished by your physician can present the existence of an ovarian cyst. If an ovarian cyst is suspected, your physician could order to clarify a pelvic ultrasound for diagnosis.

Pelvic Ultrasound

Pelvic Ultrasound: It is a painless process of placing an image of your uterus and ovaries which is followed on a video display by employing sound waves transmitted by your pelvic scope. The character of the ovarian cyst is then scrutinized.


Laparoscopy: It is a surgical process equipped toward tackling a cyst’s additional diagnosing. A small incision into your stomach is made and a laparoscope (a skinny lighted telescope) is injected.

Salubrious Program for Naturally Elimination and Prevention of PCOS & Ovarian Cysts

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