Understanding Knee Bursitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Knee bursitis is a common condition that occurs when the small fluid-filled sacs, known as bursae, become inflamed in the knee joint. These sacs act as cushioning for the bones, tendons, and muscles around the knee, but when they become inflamed, it can lead to pain, swelling, and difficulty moving the knee. There are several bursae located around the knee joint, and any one of them can become inflamed, leading to knee bursitis.

The most common causes of knee bursitis include overuse or repetitive motions, trauma or impact to the knee, kneeling for long periods of time, and underlying conditions such as arthritis or gout. Symptoms of knee bursitis can include pain and tenderness around the knee, swelling, warmth to the touch, and difficulty bending or straightening the knee.

Treatment for knee bursitis often includes rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE), as well as over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medications. In some cases, a doctor may recommend corticosteroid injections to reduce inflammation, or physical therapy to strengthen the muscles around the knee and improve range of motion. In rare cases, surgical removal of the bursa may be necessary.

To prevent knee bursitis, it’s important to avoid overuse or repetitive stress on the knee, and to use proper techniques and protective gear during activities that may put strain on the knee joint. Maintaining a healthy weight, staying physically active, and stretching and strengthening the muscles around the knee can also help prevent knee bursitis from occurring. If you’re experiencing knee pain or swelling, it’s important to seek medical attention to determine the cause and appropriate treatment.