Understanding Hammer Toe Deformity: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Hammer toe deformity is a common foot condition that affects the middle joint of the toes, causing them to bend downwards, resembling a hammer. This deformity can be quite painful and make it difficult to wear certain shoes. It is often caused by wearing ill-fitting shoes, foot injuries, or arthritis.

The condition can be hereditary or result from muscle imbalance, nerve damage, or other medical conditions. If left untreated, hammer toe deformity can lead to corns, calluses, and the development of sores on the toes, which can become infected if not properly cared for.

Treatment options for hammer toe deformity range from simple lifestyle changes, such as wearing comfortable and properly fitting shoes, to more complex solutions, such as splinting the toes, physical therapy, or in more severe cases, surgery.

Health tips for managing hammer toe deformity include wearing shoes with a wide toe box to accommodate the bent toes, avoiding high heels, regularly performing toe-stretching exercises, and maintaining a healthy weight to reduce pressure on the feet. It is important to consult a podiatrist for proper diagnosis and treatment to alleviate pain and prevent the condition from worsening.