Leg edema, also known as peripheral edema, is a condition characterized by the accumulation of fluid in the legs, leading to swelling and discomfort. There are several possible causes of leg edema, including underlying medical conditions, lifestyle factors, and medication side effects.
One of the most common causes of leg edema is venous insufficiency, where the veins in the legs are unable to efficiently return blood to the heart, leading to fluid build-up. Other potential causes include heart failure, kidney disease, liver disease, and certain medications such as calcium channel blockers and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Lifestyle factors such as prolonged standing or sitting, as well as obesity, can also contribute to the development of leg edema. Additionally, hormonal changes during pregnancy or menstruation can lead to temporary leg swelling.
It is important to consult a healthcare professional to determine the underlying cause of leg edema and to receive appropriate treatment. Lifestyle modifications such as maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, elevating the legs, and wearing compression stockings can help alleviate symptoms of leg edema. In some cases, medication or medical procedures may be necessary to address the underlying cause and reduce fluid accumulation in the legs.
I am Kumudhavarshini. A medical student from Chennai. I am currently doing my MBBS degree. I completed my schoolings in 2018. Right now I am in my second year. I completed my first year with 88%. I am not a topper but definitely a good above-average student at my college. I wanted to be a research journalist from the starting but I ended up in the medical field. But joining College, going to the hospital daily I got to know one thing that I can even outshine in this field and made myself clear to become a world’s leading Neurosurgeon